10 FOX CUB FACTS: -
1. Fox cubs are born blind, deaf and totally helpless.
2. At birth a fox cub weighs around 80 and 120g
3. Newly born fox cubs are covered in short dark fur which is almost black, charcoal grey in colour.
4. Fox cubs are born mid March to around mid April
5. At around 10 days to 2 weeks of age, fox cubs open their eyes which are slate blue in colour. They also begin to hear at this age.
6. At three weeks of age fox cubs begin to get their milk teeth eat semi solid foods. Their appearance also begins to change.
7. At around five to six weeks of age, the fox cubs will begin to emerge from their earth.
8. At six weeks of age the fox cubs have changed colour and now resemble miniature foxes.
9. By the end of July the fox cubs are three quarters grown, and finally
10. By September, they begin to disperse and make their own way in life, although many cubs never get to see their first birthday.
FOX cubs can and do get mistaken for kittens and puppies. They can be found for any number of reasons.
Parents have been killed
Shed demolished where the vixen has given birth to her cubs
Picked up by a dog
Dropped as the vixen moves her cubs to a safer location.
Initially, fox cubs are given a soft toy for comfort. Eventually they are put with other fox cubs to enjoy rough and tumble games and also learn to be foxes.
If you have found a fox cub, please look around for more. If their parents have been killed, older fox cubs will emerge from their earth hungry and looking for mum and dad.
If you find a fox cub with its eyes still closed and with dark brown fur, it will need to be kept warm whilst you contact a wildlife rescue.
Please make sure that there is no possibility of the vixen returning for her cub.
One Example is
A man in Leeds was knocking down an old shed when a vixen ran out from beneath. The man peered below the shed and found 4 newborn cubs. After ringing this wildlife rescue for advice, the man quickly and quietly left the area, thus allowing the vixen to return.
However, the following morning, the fox cubs were nowhere to be seen. The vixen had moved them to a safer area.
All wildlife is better off with their natural parents. A wildlife rescue is a very poor substitute, so please only intervene if it is 100% that the babies are genuine orphans.
FOX CUBS who are very tiny, ie their eyes are still closed will be bottle fed a formula called ESBILAC.
Like human babies, they are burped and their genital area is stimulated to encourage them to pass urine and faeces.
Here at the Wildlife Orphanage, cubs are cared for by one carer only. No talking is allowed as they are easily imprinted
Once weaned they are moved out of the Wildlife Cabin and have little more human contact. Indeed, foxes need to be fearful of humans if they are to stand any chance in the wild.
Roadkill such as hares and rabbits can be given to the fox cubs as they need the meat, the bone and the feather.
The fox cubs will also need to be wormed.
On the 1st April, a female hedgehog was admitted with lacerations and a broken leg. These were caused by a dog attack. The leg had to be amputated
The Wildlife Orphanage has had an influx of small hedgehogs over the last few weeks. These are the Autumn Juveniles, born late in the year. They are often seen out in daytime and looking a bit wobbly. Please act quickly if you see one as they go downhill rapidly.
With winter just around the corner, these little hogs will be just too light for hibernation. They need to put on lots of weight to see them through the winter.
If you see a tiny hedgehog roaming about, often in daylight,
Please ring 0771 1883072 for advice.